- March 31, 2020
- By admin
- In Brakes
It is a commonly known fact that the wheels of your car can make or break your driving experience. Braking system problems can also become life-threatening when you won’t take proper care and maintain your vehicle regularly.
Braking system problems can become a headache when your car gives you regular issues, but you might not know the actual cause. It is vital to understand the root cause of the most common problems and ways to solve these issues.
How Does the Braking System Work?
In case you don’t have an idea of how the braking system works, please go through this passage so that you can completely understand the workings. If you have ever studied Isaac Newton’s three laws of motion, then you will surely know that frictional force is used to stop any moving object. Likewise, the momentum or the energy of a car moving forward is stopped by the friction force created by the brakes.
Imagine you step on your brake pedal; the next thing that happens is a piston connected to the lever pushes down in the master cylinder, which is filled with braking fluid. This thick fluid is pushed down to other cylinders forming the braking system.
A slight push of your foot is multiplied using this flow, pushing down the brake shoes/pads. These brake pads apply pressure on the brakes rotors that are attached to the tires to halt the car.
Most Common Braking System Problems
The most common braking system problems that you might or might not encounter while driving are
- Sinking or Squishy Pedal
When you feel your brake pedal to be sinking in the floor without any resistance or the pedal becomes too soft to push, you have a significant issue in the braking system. When you experience such a problem, you must immediately stop your vehicle to the side of the road.
The cause of this issue is the leakage in the braking system, especially the master cylinder, due to which the braking fluid might be discharging. It would be best if you got this problem checked from an expert as this might cause life-threatening accidents for you.
- Braking Causes Car to Move to A Side
Your car might skid or move to any side rather than stopping. This is a dangerous situation for you and your vehicle. This issue in the braking system can be caused by multiple factors, including damaged tires, broken belts, faulty brakes on either side, or, most commonly, a frozen caliper.
Your trusted local mechanic or a car expert can examine the car and tell you what the cause of the faulty braking system is. In case of a damaged tire or a broken belt, the issue can be resolved by simply replacing these parts. The faulty brakes are unusual, but they do happen in vehicles with a diagonal braking system for safety reasons. This issue can be fixed by switching the defective parts with new ones.
However, in the case of a frozen caliper, the expert would suggest cleaning and lubricating the caliper slid pins (in the case of lost lubrication, which is a minor issue) or swapping the old worked-out caliper with a fresh caliper.
- Braking Causes Shaking in Steering Wheel
A prevalent issue is the shaking of the steering wheel when brakes are applied. In this case, the braking system gets affected during driving at high speeds and applying brakes after that.
The causes of the shaking can be affected by brake pads, anomalies on rotors due to extreme heat or twisted front rotors. Furthermore, the rusting and moisture from the humid weather and high temperatures can affect the stability of the steering wheel.
The answers to these issues are either replacing the rotor or resurfacing it. Replacing the rotor is quite expensive, but resurfacing the rotor is cheaper and will do the work.
How to Solve Braking System Problems?
It would be wise to perform a pre-drive check in the case of a long drive or a road trip. Similarly, if any of the above braking system problems occur, you must initially pull your car on to the side and call for help from the traffic police or your local expert.
If you are a DIY person, you most likely check the brake pedals by applying pressure on them. If the brake pedals are spongy, air might be involved with your braking system, which can be easily removed with the help of a friend. If the effort to push on the brakes is more or less than usual, the braking adjustments must be made.
I hope that you are better aware than before reading this article, in context to the issues of brakes and their resolution. It is better to go to an expert for a car check regularly.